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 Essay in HIVAIDS REMARKS

EQ 7/2

EQ 7/2

PHT 112: HIV ASSISTS Determinants, Prevention and Management

INTRODUCTION

Human behavior plays a key function in most with the disease symptom in life. a) Socialization; is actually a life long procedure through which persons in a society develop a comprehension of social norms and values; obtain destine of self. b) Norms: Guidelines and objectives conduct which will either prescribes a given type of behavior, or perhaps forbid this.

c) Ideals: Culturally defined standards kept by human individuals or perhaps groups as to what are desired, proper, amazing, and advantages or disadvantages that preserve as wide-ranging guidelines pertaining to social lifestyle. d) The individualistic interpretation of disease places focus on the individual while responsible for his or overall health status.

Health compromising behavior by individual is the main element in health. SUBJECT 1: REVIEW OF HIV & AIDS

The foundation of HIV AIDS

Man Immunodeficiency Malware

п‚· HIV is a loaned virus, the industry class of viruses that attack immune system. Lent viruses are consequently part of a greater group of malware known as retroviruses. The term 'lent virus' literally means 'slow virus' because they get such a long time to produce any adverse effects in the body.

 These viruses have been found many different animals including cats, sheep, cattle and horse A retrovirus is a computer virus which has a genome consisting of two RNA substances, which may or may not be identical. It depends on the enzyme reverse transcriptase to perform the reverse transcribing of it is genome from RNA in DNA, which could then end up being integrated in the host‟s genome with a great integrase enzyme.

Simian Immunodeficiency Virus

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It is currently generally accepted that HIV is a descendant of a Simian Immunodeficiency Disease because specific strains of SIVs endure a very close resemblance to HIV-1 and HIV-2, both types of HIV. HIV-2 for example corresponds to SIVsm, stress of the Simian Immunodeficiency Computer virus found in the sooty mangabey (also referred to as green monkey), which is native to traditional western Africa.

The greater virulent pressure of HIV, namely HIV-1, was right up until recently more challenging to place. Until 1999, the closest equal that had been determined was SIVcpz, the SIV found in chimpanzees. However , this kind of virus nonetheless had selected significant dissimilarities from HIV. Researchers figured wild chimps had been infected simultaneously with two distinct simian immunodeficiency viruses which had " viral sex" to form a third virus that may be passed on to other chimps and was capable of infecting human beings with HIV AIDS. Both of these different infections were tracked back to a SIV that infected red-capped mangabeys and one seen in greater spot-nosed monkeys. They believe that the hybridization took place inside chimps and this humans had become infected with strains of SIV. When they hunted and killed the 2 smaller species of monkey.

Zoonosis

It identifies any contagious disease that might be transmitted from all other animals, equally wild and domestic, to humans. It is often known for quite a while that certain viruses can go between species. Because chimpanzees obtained SIV from two other species of apes displays just how easily this crossover can occur. While animals yourself, we are as susceptible. 1

EQ 7/2

EQ 7/2

The various hypotheses explaining the foundation of HIV AIDS

1 . The " Hunter” Theory

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The most commonly acknowledged theory. SIVcpz was transferred to humans resulting from chimps becoming killed and eaten, or perhaps their blood vessels getting into slashes or wounds on a hunter. Normally a hunter‟s human body could have fought off the SIV, but in a few cases that adapted to its fresh human host and evolved in HIV. In the beginning, there were a number of different strains of HIV, each having a different genetic cosmetic. The most common getting HIV-1 group M

Whenever it was exceeded from a chimp into a human it adapted in a different way therefore making a different genetic makeup and having a new tension.

In a research of 1099 individuals in Cameroon it absolutely was...

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